Frank-pledge


Frank-pledge
Members of a *tithing were responsible for each other's actions - if one was fined, all were responsible for part of that fine; thus a potent kind of neighbourhood watch grew up in which the liability to a share of a penalty ensured attentiveness. Members were also obliged to report one who committed a crime. A number of tithings were organised into a *leet or ward. The sheriff held a 'view' of the frank-pledge twice a year, fining those not within it. *Bracton has this to say: 'Every [male] who has reached the age of 12 years must take an oath at the view of frank-pledge that he does not intend to be a thief nor a party to thieving. All who hold land and house, who are called householders, ought to be in frank-pledge, and also those who serve them, who are called followers.' Women could not be outlawed because they were not within a frank-pledge, nor could a boy younger than 12.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • frank|pledge — «FRANGK PLEHJ», noun. in Old English Law: 1. a system by which the members of a tithing (a group of ten inhabitants of a community) were made responsible for one another s conduct. 2. each of these mutually responsible members. 3. the tithing… …   Useful english dictionary

  • frank-pledge — frankˈ pledge noun (feudal law) A mutual suretyship by which the members of a tithing were made responsible for one another • • • Main Entry: ↑frank …   Useful english dictionary

  • frank-pledge — In old English law, a pledge or surety for freemen; that is, the pledge, or corporate responsibility, of all the inhabitants of a tithing for the general good behavior of each free born citizen above the age of fourteen, and for his being… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Frank pledge — The legal condition under which each male member of a tithing (district) over the age of twelve is responsible for the good conduct of all other members of the tithing …   Medieval glossary

  • view of frank-pledge — An inspection by the sheriff of the frank pledges in the district …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • pledge — [plej] n. [ME plegge < OFr pleige < ML plegium < plevium, security, warranty, infl. by Frank * pligi, liability; akin to OS plegan, to warrant] 1. the condition of being given or held as security for a contract, payment, etc. [a thing… …   English World dictionary

  • Frank Edwin Wright III — Frank Edwin Wright III. alias Tré Cool (* 9. Dezember 1972 in Frankfurt am Main) ist ein US amerikanischer Musiker und Schlagzeuger der Punk Band Green Day sowie deren Nebenprojekt Foxboro Hot Tubs. Tré Cool am Schlagzeug Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frank Edwin Wright III. — Frank Edwin Wright III. alias Tré Cool (* 9. Dezember 1972 in Frankfurt am Main) ist ein US amerikanischer Musiker und Schlagzeuger der Punk Band Green Day sowie deren Nebenprojekt Foxboro Hot Tubs. Tré Cool am Schlagzeug Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frank Reed Horton — (July 17, 1896 in Sewickley, Pennsylvania – August 28, 1966 in Easton, Pennsylvania), was a United States educator. He is best known as the founder and first national president of Alpha Phi Omega, an international service fraternity. [cite web |… …   Wikipedia


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